Introduction of Bikaner

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Bikaner, Jaisalmer and Jodhpur forms the desert triangle in the state of Rajasthan. Bikaner was founded in the year 1488 by Rao bika, a descendant of Jodha, the founder of Jodhpur. It lies in the north of Rajasthan at an altitude of 237 mtrs above sea level. It covers an area of 38.10 square km. Earlier, it was a major trade centre as it lies on the ancient caravan route which linked central Asia and North India with the Gujarat seaports. While other cities of Rajasthan are rich in lakes and havellis, Bikaner seems quite bare in that respect. Bikaner is famous for its superb fort, camel safaris and Karni Mata temple. In this temple thousands of holy rats are worshipped. Hindi, Rajasthani, Marwari and English are the common languages which are spoken here. The climate in Bikaner is temperate. In Summers the temperature is not too hot. It is around 41.8º Celsius and in winters it is around 5º Celsius.

Bikaner city, Rajasthan

History of Bikaner

A Rajput prince Rao Bika ji who was the descendent of Rao Jodha Ji, the founder of Jodhpur established his kingdom in Bikaner in 1459 AD. Bika Ji chose a barren land called "Jungladesh" and shaped it into an impressive city called Bikaner. Ever since the foundation of Bikaner till its accession into Indian Union in 1947 A.D. and after it's integration in Rajasthan state in 1949 AD, Bikaner has played a notable role in the history of Rajasthan. Bikaner has produced several able Generals and warriors and distinguished rulers like Raja Rai Singh and Raja Anup Singh. Bikaner has many magnificent buildings made of reddish pink sandstone that transcends the surrounding barren wilderness. 

Tourist Attraction in Bikaner

The main tourist attraction in Bikaner are Junagarh fort and Lal Gadh Palace. Junagarh Fort was built between 1571 to 1611 AD. This fort was constructed of red sandstone and marble with kiosks and balconies embellishing the structure at intervals.

How to get here

By Air:
The nearest airport to Bikaner is Jodhpur which is about 247 kms away.

By Rail:

Bikaner is on the meter gauge network of the western Railways. It has convenient connections from Delhi and Jodhpur. Air-conditioned coaches are attached to Delhi trains.

By Road:

Bikaner is well connected by road to the various cities in Rajasthan. Regular bus service operates between Bikaner and major cities like Jaipur, Kota, Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur and Ajmer. Rajasthan Roadways run daily deluxe coaches between Jaipur and Bikaner.

Map of Bikaner

Map of Bikaner


Bikaner City Tour
(4 Days / 3 Nights)
(Jaipur - Bikaner - Jaipur)


Day 01: Jaipur - Bikaner (about 361 km)
Arrival at Jaipur airport or railway station. After arrival in Jaipur drive to Bikaner. Upon arrival in Bikaner, you will be transferred to the hotel. Rest of the day at leisure. 

Day 02: Bikaner
Today we have full day sightseeing in Bikaner. We will visit the
Junagarh Fort. Junagarh Fort was built between 1571 to 1611 AD. This fort was constructed of red sandstone and marble with kiosks and balconies embellishing the structure at intervals. This imposing Fort and its palaces will be an unforgettable experience for us.

Day 03: Bikaner

Today we visit the
Karni Mata Temple in Deshnoke, Devi Kund, Shivbari Temple and Havelis of Bikaner.

Day 04: Bikaner - Jaipur (about 361 km)

After having breakfast drive to Jaipur. In the evening transfer to the airport or railway station.

Standard Rooms on twin sharing basis.
    Breakfast in the Hotel.
Driver allowances.
Toll Tax and Parking.
Hotel Transfer at all places.
Vehicle Insurance included.
Petrol/Gas cost included.

      All Transfers and departures on arrival and departure by Indo Vacations 

All Transfers and Sightseeing throughout the tour by an
individual air-conditioned
         vehicle  (car/Jeep etc.) with driver (reliable, experienced and English speaking- have 
         a look at the references on our website from all over the world).


      Any  Kind of Personal Expenses such as Tips, Laundry, Telephone Bills and Alcoholic
      Entrance/administrative fees.
      Camera fees (still or movie).
      Unspecified meal etc.
      International or Domestic Flights.
We always look forward for any changes in the itinerary as wished by you for your individual trip.
                                            Bikaner Horse Safari Tour

(12 Days / 11 Nights)
(Delhi - Nawalgarh - Barwasi – Naharsinghani - Churiajitgarh - Nabipura - Fatehpura Beed (Khuri) - Shynan mata - Tal Chappar - Bikaner - Delhi)


Day 1: Flight to India (Delhi)
Around midnight arrival in Delhi. The cosmopolitan city and capital New Delhi is the main gateway for the travelers to India. Upon arrival, you will be met by an rajasthan-Tour-Package representative and transferred to the hotel.

Day 2: Delhi - Nawalgarh
In the morning drive from Delhi to Nawalgarh in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan. Nawalgarh is known for the havelis of its wealthy merchant class, the Marwaris. The drive to Shekhawati is through picturesque village and farms. Nawalgarh was founded in 1737 AD by Thakur Nawal Singh, a warrior statesman. The town exudes an old world charm and the colorful bazaar has the largest number of painted Havelis in Shekhawati. In the late afternoon meet up at the stables, where the riders will be introduced to the safari team and the lovely ‘Marwari’ horses and can also have a ride. The riding leader Shri Devendra singh will advise about the horses and give the details about the tour and introduction talk on the arid region ecology.

Day 3: Nawalgarh
In the morning you will ride on the horses to the country side. In the afternoon you will visit the havelies.

Day 4: Nawalgarh
In the morning you will ride around Nawalgarh. During the ride visit farmhouses and village homes of people who keep the Marwari horses. In the afternoon you will have talk on Marwari horses followed by interactive discussion. In the evening there will be traditional folk entertainment.

Day 5: Nawalgarh - Barwasi – Naharsinghani (about 26 kms.)
In the morning you will ride through semi desert areas with small farms and countryside dotted with Khejri trees to Naharsighani. On the way have lunch and visit Farms where Women farmers are supported by NGO to encourage natural resources management and use of eco friendly farming technique to increase yield. Overnight stay in the camp.

Day 6: Naharsinghani - Churiajitgarh - Nabipura (about 26 kms.)
Today you will ride through semi desert farm countryside to reach a small woodlot and dry waterhole, surrounded by ker bushes. Overnight stay in the camp.

Day 7: Nabipura - Fatehpura Beed (Khuri) (about 30 kms.)
In the morning you will ride through semi desert region to Fatehpur Beed or Khuri. The Nawab of Fatehpur had declared that he would leave as a charity, grazing ground as much area, which could be encircled by a rider from sunrise to sunset and declared it protected. Today Fatehpur beed is an amazing 70 square kms. area with all species of desert plants. While camping, one will be able to see Desert Fox, Jackal, Blue Bull and Deer.

Day 8: Khuri - Shynan mata (about 34 kms.)
Today you will enter territory of the erstwhile Bikaner state. There will be a sudden change in terrain to large sand dunes. After lunch, the ride will be slow. Overnight stay in the camp.

Day 9: Shynan mata - Tal Chappar (about 31 kms.)
Today you will leave the sand dunes and come to flat loam soil ground. Most of the ride will be through around the peripheries of Tal Chappar, the famous black buck game sanctuary. During the ride, you will be able to see the black buck deer and also other deer species. Overnight Camp will be set up on the peripheries of the sanctuary.

Day 10: Tal Chappar
Today you will have full day ride and explore the area around the Talchappar Wildlife Sanctuary. Tal Chappar wildlife Sanctuary covers 71 square kms. of desert scrubland. It has largest herds of blackbuck antelope in India. Besides this, chinkara gazelle, desert cat, desert fox and other dry land wildlife, flocks of demoiselle and common cranes can be seen at nearby lakes and wet lands. Birds includes sand grouse, quails, and cream colored desert courser. In the evening return to camp.

Day 11: Tal Chappar - Bikaner - Delhi (by rail)

After breakfast drive to Bikaner. After having lunch in Bikaner visit the Junagarh fort and if time permits then the camel breeding farm and royal cenotaphs. In the evening transfer to the railway station for overnight train to Delhi.

Day 12: Delhi

Early morning arrive in Delhi. Upon arrival, you will be met by an Rajasthan-Tour-Package representative and transferred to the Hotel. In the evening transfer to the airport for the flight to home destination.

Major Tourist Attractions in Bikaner
Junagarh Fort

Junagarh Fort, Bikaner

Junagrah Fort, a historic fort is one of the most impressive fort in Bikaner in Rajasthan. Junagarh fort and it's palaces were built between 1588-1593 by Raja Raj Singh, a general in the army of the Mughal emperor Akbar. Junagarh Fort has remained unconquered till date. This fort has a 96 meter long wall to protect 37 palaces, temples and pavilions within it. The 37 bastions guard the fort and only two gates provide the access inside the fort. The main entrance of the fort is Suraj Pol or Sun Gate. The palaces, exquisitely built in red sandstone and marble are ornate with mirror work, carvings and paintings. There are about 37 palaces, temples and pavilions built inside the fort which are made up of red sandstone. The palaces have exquisitely carved windows, balconies, towers and kiosks. The interiors of palaces is done by lacquered furniture, mirror work, murals, gold polish, enamel work, shell finish and lime plaster.

Inside the fort you will be able to see the low bed of the Maharajas decorated with mirrors, Durbar and coronation halls, medieval Mughal swords, Second World War plane, miniature paintings of the Bikaner school and an oil painting of the Versailles treaty. The fort museum has an extensive collection of illuminated manuscripts, jewellery, jars, carpets, arms and weapons, treaties and rare antiques. 

The fort encompasses many palaces among which the most spectacular ones are the Chandra Mahal or Moon palace, the Phool Mahal or Flower palace, the Anup Mahal, Gaj Mandir and Har Mandir. The mirrors, paintings and carved marble panels in the Moon Palace or Chandra Mahal are splendid. It has paintings on lime plaster walls. The Phool Mahal or Flower Palace is more elaborately decorated with mirror and glass work. The victory over Aurangzeb was celebrated by building the Karan Mahal. The Har Mandir is the place where marriages, births and Gangaur festivals were celebrated. The Gaj Mandir has an ivory inlaid bed, beautiful swing seat, silver chairs and polished wooden chests and cupboards. The Anup Mahal houses the gorgeous and opulent coronation room in rich glowing red and gold. Magnificent doors with beautiful raised lacquer work, ornamented with opaque glass inlay work, impart a jewel-like opulence to this royal chamber. The Anup Mahal was the governance chambers for the rulers. The beautifully maintained rooms now display the treasures of the Royal family.

Interior of Junagarh Fort, Bikaner

Lalgarh palace

Lalgarh palace, Bikaner

Built by Maharaja Ganga Singh and designed by Sir Swinton Jacob it is an outstanding architectural marvel of magical fusion of Rajputana, European and Mughal building styles. Stone crafted pillars, Italian colonnades, spacious lounges, regal halls and profusely carved fire places at the imposing Lalgarh Palace in Bikaner transport you back in time to an incomparably lavish royal era. The walls of the grand Lalgarh Palace are adorned with royal portraits, hunting trophies, artifacts and carved motifs. Tour the Lalgarh Palace museum and relax at the library. The Lalgarh Palace library is unique as in it is a storehouse of ancient Sanskrit manuscripts on parchments.

The Lalgarh Palace is divided into three parts, the Sadul Museum, heritage hotel and the section still occupied by the descendants of the Royal family. Designed by Swinton Jacob, a famed architect of those times, the Lalgarh Palace is a lavish royal home that exudes Bikaner regalia. The Sadul Museum is a repository of historic exhibits. See a World War I plane, regal weaponry, delicately designed miniature paintings, black and white pictures and more at the Lalgarh Palace museum on your tours to Bikaner tourist attractions.

Museums in Bikaner

Ganga Government Museum - Also known as the Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum. Initially the museum was established in a red sandstone building near the Lalgarh Palace by Maharaja Ganga Singhji to celebrate his golden jubilee reign in Bikaner. Later Maharaja Karni Singhji constructed a larger building and the Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum was shifted to it in the year 1954. 
The museum houses brilliant specimens of Harappan civilisation, the Gupta and Kushan era and sculptures of the late classical time. It also has a rich collection of terracotta pottery, carpets, paintings, armory, and coins.

Prachin Museum - Added recently to the basket of city attractions it essentially a craft museum. Inaugurated in October 2000, the Prachina Museum is an interesting cultural center that was established by an initiative taken by the daughter of Maharaja Narendra Singhji of Bikaner, Rajasthan, India. The Prachina Museum in Bikaner showcases the long lost courtly traditions and glorious royal ways of the Bikaner royalty in a very realistic manner. It shows you ethnic Bikaner in a very special way. The basic idea behind the establishment of the Prachina Museum is to create a platform for local artists to showcase their traditional crafts that have been an integral part of the splendid Bikaner culture.

Excursion from Bikaner
Karni Mata Temple

Karni Mata temple is situated in Deshnoke, a small town near Nokha in Bikaner district. Karni Mata Temple is dedicated to Karni Mata, a famous mystic of her times, believed to be an incarnation of goddess Durga. Legend goes that she foretold the victory and success of Rao Bika and the prophecy came true. Today along with her, thousands of rats are revered here. This strange mode of worship owes to the belief, that the souls of her devotees are housed in these rats, and consequently they must be protected and well fed. The main entrance of the temple is intricately carved in marble. Karni Mata laid the foundation of Deshnoke and her principal followers, Charans as well as the rulers of Bikaner worshipped her as a goddess.

The story of the temple is that a woman brought the body of her recently dead son to Karni Mata and asked her to restore the boy to life. Karni Mata fell into a deep trance and encountered Yamaraja, the lord of death. But he told her that the boy had already accepted another body and could not be recalled. Karni refused to accept this and said that Yamaraja would no longer govern her tribe of Charans. At death they would enter the bodies of kabas, or sacred rats, and when the rats died they would be reborn as Charans.

Karni Mata Fair                                                                                                 Karni Mata fair is held twice a year at Deshnoke in the month of Vaishakha (April to May) and Kartika (October to November).  

karni Mata temple, Bikaner

The devotees came to Deshnoke to worship goddess Durga and her incarnations. The Rajputs also bring their children on jadula (their first hair cut) and place them at the deity's feet for blessing.

Camel Breeding Farm

Situated only 8km from Bikaner, it is the only of its kind farm. Popularly referred to as the Government Camel Breeding Farm, the National Research Center on Camel breeds the best camels in Bikaner and conducts research work related to "the ship of the desert."

Gajner Palace
Gajner palace, Bikaner Gajner Palace, a unit of HRH Group of Hotels is an incomparable jewel in the Thar Desert. This palace is built on the embankment of a lake by H.H. Maharaja Sir Ganga Singhji of Bikaner. Gajner Palace is situated about 30 km from Bikaner in Gajner and spread over 6000 acres of land. Gajner is located near Kolayat, an old historic village with a holy lake (Kapil Sarovar) and numerous temples. Gajner attracts thousands of pilgrims especially during Kartik Purnima on full moon day between October and November Gajner Palace was earlier used by the former Maharajas as a hunting lodge and various British dignitaries also visited during the British Raj System.
During the reign of Maharaja Ganga Singhji, this palace was used for duck and Imperial Sand Grouse shooting and lavish entertainment. Christmas season was often celebrated with great fun and frolic and both, national and international kings and other dignatories were invited on this grand occasion. Some dignitaries who have visited Gajner Palace are the Governor General Lord Elgin, Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Prince of Wales (1905) and Lord lrwin (1927).

Now, the Gajner Palace has a private wildlife sanctuary. This sanctuary is home to endangered antelopes like the Chinkara, Black Buck, Neelgai and other animals. During winter months, the lake also becomes home to more than a hundred species of migratory birds, including the Imperial Sand Grouse. The tourist can enjoy the jungle safari in the wildlife sanctuary in the morning and evening. Gajner Palace is divided into five different wings which are Dungar Niwas, Mandir Chowk, Gulab Niwas, Champa Niwas and Sardar Niwas. The hotel offers 31 well appointed rooms and suites. Each suite has been meticulously restored to its original grandeur. In Gajner Palace, one can also view the photographs of the days of the British Raj System which have been meticulously arranged in the corridors. The tourists can also enjoy Camel Safari, Jeep Safari, Horse riding, billiards, tennis and boating at Gajner Palace.

How to reach Gajner Palace
The nearest city is Bikaner which is about 30 km. Bikaner is well accessible by rail, air and road. The nearest railway station and airport is situated at Jodhpur which is about 250 kms. 
Festival in Bikaner

Camel Festival (January)
Camel festival is celebrated in Bikaner, an enchanting desert city and the only camel breeding farm in the country in the month of January. It is the most popular festival of Rajasthan. During this festival there are camel races and camel dances. Music and dance of Rajasthan also adds charm to this festival. There are also several unusual folk performances, and you may also experience the rare fire dance in the night.


Rajasthan Information: History - Culture - Heritage - Music - Dance - Art - Architecture - Society

Sources of the History and Culture of Rajasthan
(From earliest times up to 1200 A.D.)

Rajput - Muslims Relations
 (1200 – 1526 A.D.)

Architecture in Rajasthan (1200 – 1800 A.D.)

Kalibangan - the largest prehistoric site in Rajasthan

Excavations at Ahar (South Rajasthan)

Origin of the Rajputs

Origin of the Guhilas, their Rise and Bappa Rawal in Rajasthan

Moguls & Chauhans Resistance in Rajasthan

Rawal Ratan Singh of Rajasthan and his Resistance against the Turks

Maharana Kumbha (1433 – 1468) and his Political Achievements

Maharana Kumbha & his Cultural Achievements

Maharana Sanga & his Achievements (1508 – 1528 A.D.)

Rajasthani Paintings Schools

Merger of Rajput states in the Indian Union

Resistance of Mahararana Pratap of Mewar Against Akbar

Maratha - Rajputs Relations

Raja Man Singh of Amber

Rathore – Sisodia Alliance & Achievements of Raj Singh in Mewar

Role of Durga Dass Rathor in the history of Rajasthan

Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur , Mughals and Marathas

Rajasthan’s Cultural Heritage


Rajasthan Tourism  & Travel Packages -  Rajasthan Vacations & Holidays

12 Days Rajasthan Desert Tour Package

13 Days Rajasthan Desert Holiday Tour

13 Days Rajasthan Round Trip

14 Days Rajasthan Tour Package

16 Days Cultural Rajasthan Tour

17 Days Colorful Rajasthan Tour

17 Days Vacations in Rajasthan

18 Days Rajasthan Tour Package

19 Days Rajasthan - North India Tour

28 Days Heritage Tour of Rajasthan

31 Days Holidays in Rajasthan

31 Days Rajasthan Wildlife Tour

                      Group Tours of Rajasthan                                                                     Car Rental in Rajasthan


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